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Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: CALCARIIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Near Threatened

The black belly of the breeding male Chestnut-collared Longspur makes it stand out when proclaiming its territory on its short-grass prairie home. In other seasons the male is as drab and sparrow-like as the female.

Appearance

Sparrowlike
Sparrowlike
Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Medium-sized sparrow-like bird.
  • Short, thick, pointed bill.
  • Tail white with black triangle in center.
  • Breeding male has black crown, chest, and belly, and deep chestnut nape.
  • Female and winter male grayish buff, with dusky streaks on back and sides.

Immature Description

Immature similar to female.

Range Map Help

Chestnut-collared Longspur Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings

Field MarksHelp

  • Male

    Chestnut-collared Longspur

    Male
    • © 2004 Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Montana, July 2000
  • Male

    Chestnut-collared Longspur

    Male
    • © David Cree, Sheridan County, North Dakota, June 2008
  • Male

    Chestnut-collared Longspur

    Male
  • Female

    Chestnut-collared Longspur

    Female
    • © 2004 Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Montana, July 2000

Similar Species

  • Horned Lark has thin bill, black face patch, black tail with white outer tail feathers.
  • McCown's Longspur has black T on white tail (tip and center black); breeding male has small black chest patch and gray belly.
  • Smith's Longspur has two white outer tail feathers and straight-sided dark middle of tail.
  • Lapland Longspur has little white on outer edge of tail, with straight sides to dark center of tail.

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