• Skip to Content
  • Skip to Main Navigation
  • Skip to Local Navigation
  • Skip to Search
  • Skip to Sitemap
  • Skip to Footer

Sora

Porzana carolina ORDER: GRUIFORMES FAMILY: RALLIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A small, secretive bird of freshwater marshes, the Sora is the most common and widely distributed rail in North America. Its distinctive descending whinny call can be easily heard from the depths of the cattails, but actually seeing the little marsh-walker is much more difficult.

At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
7.9–9.8 in
20–25 cm
Weight
1.7–4 oz
49–112 g
Other Names
  • Marouette de Caroline (French)
  • Gallineta de Cienaga (Spanish)

Habitat


Marsh

Breeds in shallow wetlands with lots of emergent vegetation.

Food


Seeds

Seeds and aquatic invertebrates.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Condition at Hatching
Covered with black down, leave nest within one day. Fed by parents.
Nest Placement

Floating

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Sora are common and widespread, and populations appeared stable between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. However, the The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan lists them a Species of High Concern, and rates them a 13 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Sora is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. These birds are hunted in numerous states and provinces.

Credits

Range Map Help

Sora Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings
×

Search

Or Browse Bird Guide by Family, Name or Shape
×
bird image Blue-winged Warbler by Brian Sullivan

The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. You can unsubscribe at any time. We will never sell or give your email address to others.