Smooth-billed Ani Life History


Habitat ScrubOpen situations with brush or scrub, fields, plantations, gardens and forest clearings.Back to top


Food OmnivoreInsects, other arthropods, lizards, frogs, and some fruit.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Open cup of twigs, lined with leaves. Placed in fork of dense, thorny bush or tree.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-36 eggs
Egg Description:Pale blue with a white, chalky outer layer.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless.
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Behavior Ground ForagerForages on ground and in trees and shrubs. Captures insects stirred up by grazing cattle and power mowers by scrambling through grass and along low tree branches and grabbing flushed prey.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernSmooth-billed Ani is common in the tropics. There is little information on this bird's population trends, but the Florida population may be declining rapidly. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million, with virtually all in the West Indies and South America, with some populations in Central America. The species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Smooth-billed Ani is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Quinn, James S. and Jennifer M. Startek-Foote. (2000). Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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