- 6.7 in
- 0.7–0.8 oz
- Moucherolle à ventre roux (French)
- Papamoscas ilanero (Spanish)
- The Say's Phoebe breeds farther north than any other flycatcher, seemingly limited only by the lack of nest sites. It breeds north past tree line, and may be following the Alaska pipeline even farther north, nesting on the pipeline itself.
Open country, sagebrush, badlands, dry barren foothills, canyons, borders of deserts, and ranches. Often around buildings. Avoids watercourses and heavy forest.
Flying and terrestrial insects.
- Clutch Size
- 3–7 eggs
- Egg Description
- White, sometimes with reddish spots.
- Condition at Hatching
- Helpless with sparse down.
Nest an open cup of rocks, weed stems, grass, plant fibers, spider webs and other items, lined with hair, fibers, paper, or feathers. Placed on ledge with cover, such as in a cave, or on a building or bridge.
Flies from perch near ground and pursues flying insects. Also hovers and gleans insects off of vegetation.
Say's Phoebe has benefited from use of human-made structures for nest sites, and populations showed a small increase between 1966 and 2014, according to the North America Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 4 million, with 85% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 62% in Mexico, and 6% breeding in Canada. The species rates an 8 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Say's Phoebe is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.
- Schukman, J. M., and B. O. Wolf. 1998. Say's Phoebe (Sayornis saya). In The Birds of North America, No. 374 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.