- 6.7–7.1 in
- 1.5–2.2 oz
- Pluvier siffleur (French)
- Chorlitejo picocorto (Spanish)
- Intruders near a Piping Plover nest are chased and may be pecked or bitten. In Manitoba, one Killdeer was observed entering a Piping Plover territory where it was bitten so hard on the leg that it limped for the rest of the summer.
- The oldest recorded Piping Plover was at least 13 years, 8 months old, when it was spotted and ID'd by it's band in 2015 in Texas. It had been banded in Saskatchewan in 2002.
Open sandy beaches, especially above tideline, and alkalai flats.
Insects and small aquatic invertebrates.
Searches for prey visually. Runs rapidly, stops, and then pecks or quickly snatches at prey.
Piping Plover are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action. This species is listed as endangered in Canada and the inland United States, threatened along coast. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A 2012 study found that numbers of Piping Plover have steadily increased since 1986, but numbers are still low. In that study, it was estimated that the Atlantic Coast breeding population was 3,600 birds, the Great Lakes population was 108, and there was a maximum of 4,700 birds in the Great Plains population. Decline in Piping Plover resulted from direct and unintentional harassment by people, dogs, and vehicles, destruction of beach habitat for development, and changes in water level regulation. Despite the increases in some populations, recovery goals
have not been achieved.
- Haig, S. M. 1992. Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus). In The Birds of North America, No.2 (A. Poole, P.Stettenheim, and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia:The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, DC: The American Ornithologists' Union.
- BirdLife International. 2012. Charadrius melodus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22693811A38760515.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, ECOS-Environmental Conservation Online System, Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus).
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.