Montezuma Quail Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsPine-oak forest, arid montane scrub, and northern temperate grassland.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-15 eggs
Condition at Hatching:Downy and able to follow mother.
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Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernThe secretive nature of Montezuma Quail makes obtaining accurate population trends and estimates difficult. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 1.5 million, with 10% living in the U.S., and 90% in mexico. The species rates a 13 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Montezuma Quail is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. These birds area hunted in the three states where they occur.Back to top


North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Stromberg, Mark R. (2000). Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

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