Juvenile Plumage: Much blackish on head, neck, and back, a black bar across the wing, and a black tail tip. First Winter (Basic I) Plumage: similar to nonbreeding adult, but with brownish black bar across the base of the wing, much black in the outer wing, and a black band across the tip of the tail. First Summer (Alternate I) Plumage: Like first winter, but with full or partial hood. Dark on back fades with wear. Center of tail tip often white. Second Winter (Basic II) Plumage: Like adult, but variable black markings on upper wingtip, and paler under wings.