Lesser Prairie-Chicken Life History


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts
Condition at Hatching:Downy and able to follow mother.
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Behavior Ground ForagerMultiple males display at group display site, known as a lek.Back to top


Conservation Red Watch ListLesser Prairie-Chicken is a federally listed threatened species, and is on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, which lists bird species that are most at risk of extinction without significant conservation actions to reverse declines and reduce threats. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 32,000, with 100% living in the U.S. The species rates a 19 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. It is a Tri-National Concern Species, a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Lesser Prairie-Chicken have experienced large population declines since the 1800s, primarily as the result of droughts, conversion of rangeland to cropland, excessive grazing by livestock, chemical control of sand sagebrush and shinnery oak on rangelands, and perhaps hunting when populations were low. As a threatened species, hunting Lesser Prairie-Chicken is now illegal.Back to top


Hagen, Christian A. and Kenneth M. Giesen. 2005. Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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