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Merlin Bird ID

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    Hammond's Flycatcher Life History


    Habitat ForestsCool forests, especially coniferous or mixed forests with fir trees.Back to top


    Food InsectsFlying insects and caterpillars.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Tree

    Nest Description

    A compact cup of plant fibers and fine grass placed on large limb of conifer tree.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:3-4 eggs
    Egg Description:Creamy white, sometimes marked sparingly with small reddish-brown dots.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless, eyes closed.
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    Behavior FlycatchingTakes insects on the wing; perches on dead branches and twigs between forays.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernHammond's Flycatcher populations are stable and slightly increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 19 million with 42% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 82% in Mexico, and 58% breeding in Canada. The species rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Hammond's Flycatcher is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List. The species' preference for mature forests suggests that logging of old-growth forests may pose an eventual threat.Back to top


    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon and W. A. Link. The North American breeding bird survey, results and analysis 1966-2015 (Version 2.07.2017). USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center 2017.

    Sedgwick, James A. 1994. Hammond's Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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