Groove-billed Ani Life History


Habitat ScrubOpen and partly open country, such as pastures, savanna, and orchards.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects and other arthropods.Back to top


Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernGroove-billed Ani is common and widespread in the tropics. The species is less common in Texas, but North American populations appeared stable between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million with 4% spending part of the year in the U.S., and 38% in Mexico. The species rates a 7 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Bowen, Bonnie S. (2002). Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Back to top