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    Gray Partridge Life History


    Habitat GrasslandsPrimarily cultivated fields and grasslands with hedgerows; in Old World, more widespread in open country.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Ground

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:10-22 eggs
    Condition at Hatching:Open-eyed and covered in down, able to leave the nest and feed itself.
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    Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


    Conservation Low ConcernGray Partridge populations declined by almost 2% per year - close to 3% in the U.S. - between 1966 and 2014, resulting in a cumulative decline across their North American range of 62%, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 13 million with 6% living in the U.S.,and 8% in Canada. The species rates a 6 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Gray Partridge is still introduced in some areas.Back to top


    Carroll, John P. 1993. Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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