Gray Flycatcher Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsSagebrush, pinyon pine and juniper, or open ponderosa pine forests.Back to top


Food InsectsFlying insects.Back to top


Behavior FlycatchingTakes insects on the wing or from the ground; perches on dead branches and twigs between forays.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernGray Flycatchers are relatively common and populations increased between 1966 and 2014, acceding to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 3 million, with 99% spending part of the year in the U.S., 97% in Canada, and 1% breeding in Canada. This is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species and rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Gray Flycatcher is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from

Schlossberg, Scott and John C. Sterling. (2013). Gray Flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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