Canyon Wren Identification

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The Four Keys to ID

  • Size & Shape

    A distinctive pot-bellied wren with a long, slender, slightly curved bill, a fairly long tail, and strong, short legs. The wings are short and rounded.

    Relative Size

    Larger than a Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, smaller than a Cactus Wren.

    Relative Sizesparrow or smallersparrow-sized or smaller
    Measurements
    • Both Sexes
      • Length: 4.5-6.1 in (11.4-15.4 cm)
      • Weight: 0.3-0.7 oz (9.9-18.3 g)
      • Wingspan: 7.1-7.9 in (18-20 cm)

Regional Differences

Canyon Wrens are divided into 3 subspecies, differing mostly in plumage tones, bill length, and thickness of barring on tail. Subspecies conspersus in most of the species’ United States range (and barely into Canada); albifrons in northern Mexico and West Texas; and mexicanus in the southern Mexican Plateau.