Blue-headed Vireo Life History


Habitat ForestsCool forests.Back to top


Food InsectsMedium to large insects, some fruit in winter.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Open cup suspended by rim from a fork of a branch of a tree or sapling. Woven of spider web, bark strips, grasses, dead leaves, moss, and hair, decorated with spider egg cases and birch bark. Inner lining of grasses, rootlets, and conifer twigs or needles.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-5 eggs
Egg Description:Color: Creamy white with sparse dark spots around larger end.

Size: 17-23.1 mm x 13.3-15.8 mm
(0.7-0.9 in x 0.5-0.6 in)

Incubation period: 13-15 days.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless with tufts of down.
Chicks fledge in 13-14 days.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerForages in middle levels of forest. Gleans insects from outer twigs and foliage. Forages in slow and deliberate manner.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernBlue-headed Vireo populations are stable and slightly increased between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 9 million birds with 81% spending part of the year in Canada, 55% in the U.S., and 33% in Mexico. This U.S.-Canada Stewardship species rates a 7 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Morton, Eugene S. and Ross D. James. 2014. Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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