- 9.4–11 in
- 22.4 in
- 4.3–6.8 oz
- American Golden Plover, Golden Plover (in part), Lesser Golden-Plover (in part)
- Pluvier doré d'Amérique, Pluvier fauve (French)
- Chorlo dorado, Chorlo pampa, Chorlo axiliclaro (Spanish)
- The American Golden-Plover has a long, circular migration route. In the fall it flies offshore from the East Coast of North America nonstop to South America. On the return in the spring it passes primarily through the middle of North America to reach its Arctic breeding grounds.
- Adult American Golden-Plovers leave their Arctic breeding grounds in early summer, but juveniles usually linger until late summer or fall. Some adults arrive on the wintering grounds in southern South America before the last juveniles have left the Arctic.
- The oldest American Golden-Plover was at least 13 years old, when it was recaptured and rereleased during a banding operation in Alaska.
Breeds on Arctic tundra, especially in low vegetation on rocky slopes. Winters in grazed grasslands. On migration found in prairie, pastures, tilled farmland, golf courses, airports, mudflats, shorelines, and beaches.
Invertebrates, berries, leaves, and seeds.
- Clutch Size
- 4 eggs
- Egg Description
- White to buff, heavily spotted and splotched with dark brown and black.
- Condition at Hatching
- Covered with down and able to walk soon after hatching. Feed themselves within one day.
Scrape in ground, lined with lichens, dry grass, or leaves.
Feeds in short vegetation or open areas. Moves by stop-run-stop, scanning and capturing prey at stops. Captures prey by single peck or series of pecks.
This species is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. Market hunting in 19th and early 20th centuries caused major decline in American Golden-Plover numbers. One estimate of a single day's kill near New Orleans was 48,000. Population rebounded after hunting ended.
- Johnson, O. W., and P. G. Connors. 1996. American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica), Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva). In The Birds of North America, No. 201-202 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- U.S. Department of the Interior, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.