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Merlin Bird ID

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    American Golden-Plover Life History

    Habitat

    Habitat GrasslandsBreeds on Arctic tundra, especially in low vegetation on rocky slopes. Winters in grazed grasslands. On migration found in prairie, pastures, tilled farmland, golf courses, airports, mudflats, shorelines, and beaches.Back to top

    Food

    Food Aquatic invertebratesInvertebrates, berries, leaves, and seeds.Back to top

    Nesting

    Nest Placement

    Nest Ground

    Nest Description

    Scrape in ground, lined with lichens, dry grass, or leaves.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:4 eggs
    Egg Description:White to buff, heavily spotted and splotched with dark brown and black.
    Condition at Hatching:Covered with down and able to walk soon after hatching. Feed themselves within one day.
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    Behavior

    Behavior ProbingFeeds in short vegetation or open areas. Moves by stop-run-stop, scanning and capturing prey at stops. Captures prey by single peck or series of pecks.Back to top

    Conservation

    Conservation DecliningThis species is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. Market hunting in 19th and early 20th centuries caused major decline in American Golden-Plover numbers. One estimate of a single day's kill near New Orleans was 48,000. Population rebounded after hunting ended.Back to top

    Credits

    Johnson, Oscar W., Peter G. Connors and Peter Pyle. 2018. American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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