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Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos ORDER: CHARADRIIFORMES FAMILY: SCOLOPACIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A medium-sized, chunky shorebird, the Pectoral Sandpiper is found most commonly on mudflats with short grass or weedy vegetation and seems more at home in the grass than in the water.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
8.7 in
22 cm
Wingspan
16.9 in
43 cm
Weight
1.4–3.7 oz
41–105 g
Other Names
  • Bécasseau a poitrine cendrée (French)
  • Playero pectoral, Correlimos pectoral (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The breeding male Pectoral Sandpiper has an inflatable throat sac, which expands and contracts rhythmically during display flights. The accompanying vocalization consists of a series of hollow hoots, and is one of the most unusual sounds heard in summer on the arctic tundra.

Habitat


Grassland

Breeds in wet coastal tundra. Migrates and winters in wet meadows, mudflats, flooded fields, and shores of ponds and pools.

Food


Insects

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Condition at Hatching
Active and covered with down.
Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Probing

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Formerly abundant in 19th century, but were much reduced by market hunting. Little information on current population trends, but appears to be relatively stable.

Credits

  • Holmes, R. T., and F. A. Pitelka. 1998. Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos). In The Birds of North America, No. 348 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Range Map Help

Pectoral Sandpiper Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings