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Yellow-billed Magpie

Pica nuttalli ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: CORVIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Although the Yellow-billed Magpie is common and conspicuous in the open oak woodlands of central and southern California, it is found nowhere else in the world.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
16.9–21.3 in
43–54 cm
Wingspan
24 in
61 cm
Weight
5.3–6 oz
150–170 g
Other Names
  • Pie à bec jaune (French)
  • Urraca (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Yellow-billed Magpie is omnivorous, eating a variety of plant and animal foods. Insects, however, make up most of the diet. The Yellow-billed Magpie has been seen pecking insects off the backs of mule deer.
  • The covered nest requires maintenance to the canopy throughout the nesting season. The Yellow-billed Magpie usually builds a new nest each year, but if a nest fails early in the breeding season the pair will refurbish an old nest for a renesting attempt rather than build a new one.

Habitat


Open Woodland

Oak savanna, open areas with large trees, and along streams. Also forages in grassland, pasture, fields, and orchards.

Food


Omnivore

Ground-dwelling invertebrates, grain, acorns, carrion, and small mammals.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
4–7 eggs
Egg Description
Greenish blue or olive with dark spots and speckles.
Condition at Hatching
Naked and helpless.
Nest Description

Nest a domed bowl, made primarily of sticks and mud. Lined with hair, grass, bark, or rootlets. Placed high in large tree, in small colonies.

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Ground Forager

Forages primarily on ground. Holds food with feet and pecks it.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 90,000 with 100 percent in the United States. This U.S.-Canada Stewardship species rates a 16 out of 20 on the Continenal Concern Score and are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action.

Credits

  • Reynolds, M. D. 1995. Yellow-billed Magpie (Pica nuttalli). In The Birds of North America, No. 180 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.

Range Map Help

Yellow-billed Magpie Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings

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