• Skip to Content
  • Skip to Main Navigation
  • Skip to Local Navigation
  • Skip to Search
  • Skip to Sitemap
  • Skip to Footer
Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Empidonax flaviventris ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: TYRANNIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The easiest eastern Empidonax to identify, the Yellow-bellied Flycatcher is a bird of the boreal forests and bogs. Its yellow underparts distinguish it from the other eastern Empidonax

Learn About Celebrate Urban Birds!
Be a Better Birder Tutorial 3

At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
5.1–5.9 in
13–15 cm
Wingspan
7.1–7.9 in
18–20 cm
Weight
0.3–0.6 oz
9–16 g
Other Names
  • Moucherolle à ventre jaune (French)
  • Mosquito oliva, Mosquerito de vientre amarillo, Mosquareta barriga-amarilla, Mosquerito vientriamarillo, Mosquero vientre amarillo, Tontín oliva (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Yellow-bellied Flycatcher winters in semi-open habitats of Central America, including coffee plantations. Shade-grown coffee plantations have higher densities of Yellow-bellied Flycatchers than sun-grown coffee plantations.

Habitat


Forest

  • Breeds in boreal coniferous forests and peatlands. Nests in cool, moist forests, bogs, swamps, and muskegs.
  • Winters in variety of habitats from forests to semi-open habitats. Most common in dense rain forest, montane evergreen forest, pine-oak forest, and shaded coffee plantations.

Food


Insects

Insects and arthropods. Occasionally takes fruit.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
2–5 eggs
Egg Description
White with light speckling of fine dots and small blotches of brown around larger end.
Condition at Hatching
Hatch naked and helpless.
Nest Description

Nest built on or near ground, well covered with hanging vegetation. Nest made mostly of moss, lined with rootlets, pine needles, or grass stems.

Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Flycatching

Flight song given at predawn or dusk.Catches flying insects in mid-air, or gleans them from foliage.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Most of breeding range in Canada is remote and secure. On the wintering grounds it is vulnerable to forest destruction. Shade-grown coffee plantations have higher densities of Yellow-bellied Flycatchers than sun-grown coffee plantations.

Credits

  • Gross, D. A., and P. E. Lowther. 2001. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris). In The Birds of North America, No. 566. (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Range Map Help

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings