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Surf Scoter

Melanitta perspicillata ORDER: ANSERIFORMES FAMILY: ANATIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A black-and-white seaduck common on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts in winter, the Surf Scoter has a boldly patterned head that is the basis for its colloquial name "skunk-headed coot."

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
18.9–23.6 in
48–60 cm
Wingspan
30.3 in
77 cm
Weight
33.6–62.4 oz
953–1769 g
Other Names
  • Macreuse à front blanc (French)
  • Negreta nuca blanco (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Surf Scoter breeds on freshwater lakes, where the male defends a moving area around the female. The female with a brood is not territorial.
  • Accidental exchanges of young among Surf Scoter broods are frequent on crowded lakes. Because the mother provides no parental care other than guarding the chicks, evolutionary selection to prevent such mixups may not be very strong.
  • Nonbreeding Surf Scoters (mainly immatures) do not necessarily go to the breeding grounds in summer. Instead they spend the summer primarily along marine coasts southward to Baja California and New Jersey, where they frequent bays and estuaries.

Habitat


Ocean

Breeds on shallow lakes in boreal forest and tundra. Winters in shallow marine coastal waters, usually over pebble and sand bottom.

Food


Insects

Freshwater invertebrates, especially mollusks.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
6–9 eggs
Egg Description
Creamy white.
Condition at Hatching
Downy and eyes open. Leave nest soon after they dry. Feed themselves immediately.
Nest Description

Hollow in ground near water, lined with vegetative debris and down.

Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Surface Dive

Dives for prey on or near bottom.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Common. Populations may be declining.

Credits

    1. Bellrose, F. C. 1976. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.
    2. Savard, J.-P. L., D. Bordage, and A. Reed. 1998. Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata). In The Birds of North America, No. 363 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Range Map Help

Surf Scoter Range Map
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