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Spruce Grouse


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A bird of coniferous forests, the Spruce Grouse inhabits much of Canada and portions of the northern United States. Inconspicuous and relatively quiet, it feeds largely on the needles of spruces and other conifers.

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Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Medium to large chicken-like bird.
  • Thick bodied.
  • Mostly dark, with short, dark tail.

Male Description

Slate-gray overall, with bold white spots on lower breast and belly. Broken white line outlining black throat. Back feathers gray barred with blackish. Feathers above tail dark tipped in light, or with bold white spots. Red combs above eyes, white arcs under eyes. Feathers under tail black with large white tips. Tail all black or with a rufous tip.

Female Description

Rufous to gray overall, with strong barring, especially on the underparts. Broken whitish lines around face. Tail all blackish brown or with rufous tip.

Immature Description

Similar to adult female.

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Spruce Grouse Range Map
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Field MarksHelp

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