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Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Spot-breasted Oriole

Icterus pectoralis ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: ICTERIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Spot-breasted Oriole Photo

A native of southern Mexico and Central America, the Spot-breasted Oriole was introduced into the Miami area of southern Florida in the late 1940s. Never numerous, it has become a relatively common suburban nester throughout several counties.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
8.3–9.4 in
21–24 cm
Weight
1.8 oz
50 g
Other Names
  • Oriole maculé (French)
  • Bolsero pechimanchando (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The female Spot-breasted Oriole often sings. Her song is usually simpler and has a thinner tone than the male's song.
  • Unlike most North American orioles where the males are bright and the females are dull, both sexes of the Spot-breasted Oriole are bright and look alike. This pattern of sexes looking alike and colorful is common in tropical orioles.

Habitat


Open Woodland

Suburban neighborhoods. In native range found in open woodlands, dry scrub, forest edges, and around ranches and villages.

Food


Fruit

Insects, berries, and nectar.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Egg Description
White with black and purple scrawling.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless.
Nest Description

A long, hanging pouch woven of fibers and thin roots of epiphytes, suspended in the fork of a tree branch.

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Foliage Gleaner

Gleans insects from foliage, opens rolled leaves, visits flowers.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Probably escaped from a Miami tourist facility or from the pet trade in 1948, Spot-breasted Oriole became numerous across seven counties in southeastern Florida by the 1970s. Cold winters reduced populations in the early 1980s, but they appear to be recovering in some areas.

Credits

    1. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2003, January 6. Florida's breeding bird atlas: A collaborative study of Florida's birdlife. http://www.wildflorida.org/bba/.
    2. Robertson, W. B., Jr., and G. E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida bird species: an annotated list. Florida Ornithological Society Special Publication No. 6.
    3. Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Range Map Help

Spot-breasted Oriole Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings