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Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus ORDER: GRUIFORMES FAMILY: RALLIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A beautifully colored bird of southern and tropical wetlands, the Purple Gallinule can be see walking on top of floating vegetation or clambering through dense shrubs. Its extremely long toes help it walk on lily pads without sinking.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
14.6–14.2 in
37–36 cm
Wingspan
21.7 in
55 cm
Weight
7.3–10.2 oz
208–288 g
Other Names
  • Talève violacée, Gallinule violacée (French)
  • Gallineta morada (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Purple Gallinue is essentially a tropical marshbird that just makes its way into the United States. But some go even farther afield. The Purple Gallinule, despite appearing to be an awkward flier, regularly turns up in northern states and southen Canada. It has even been found numerous times in Europe and South Africa.

Habitat


Marsh

Freshwater marshes with dense stands of floating vegetation.

Food


Omnivore

Seeds, flowers, fruits, grains, ans some invertebrates.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Egg Description
Creamy white with small, irregular brown spots.
Condition at Hatching
Covered with black down, leave nest within one day. Fed by parents.
Nest Description

Bowl of grasses on floating mat of vegetation or attached to emergent vegetation.

Nest Placement

Floating

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

The 2014 State of the Birds Report listed Purple Gallinule as a Common Bird in Steep Decline.

Credits

Range Map Help

Purple Gallinule Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings