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Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Pine Grosbeak

Pinicola enucleator ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: FRINGILLIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

One of the larger members of its family, the Pine Grosbeak is a bird of the boreal forests, found across northern Eurasia and North America, and south into the mountains of western Canada and the United States. A large, unwary finch, it makes periodic winter irruptions into southern Canada and northern United States. It is the largest and rarest of the "winter finches."

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Appearance

Finches
Finches
Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Large finch; medium-sized songbird.
  • Plump, heavy-chested.
  • Dark wings with two white wingbars.
  • Large stubby curved bill.
  • Male red.

Male Description

Pinkish-red head, breast, back and rump. Streaked back. White undertail coverts. Blackish brown wings and tail. White wingbars and tertial edges.

Female Description

Yellowish olive head and rump. Gray underparts and back. Blackish brown wings and tail. White wingbars and tertial edges.

Immature Description

Immature male usually is indistinguishable from immature or adult female until the second year when it molts and grows new reddish feathers. Some young males have some red or orange feathers in the body plumage, which females apparently lack. Females average duller than males (especially on the crown and rump) and have a lighter russet tinge to the head or lighter olive tinge to the breast than males. The color of the head and body is often golden orange or reddish bronze in males, in contrast to golden yellow of the female, and the chin is often buffier or more brown-gray than in the female.

Range Map Help

Pine Grosbeak Range Map
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Field MarksHelp

  • Adult Male

    Pine Grosbeak

    Adult Male
    • © Raymond Lee, Parkland County, Alberta, Canada, November 2011
  • Female or immature male

    Pine Grosbeak

    Female or immature male
    • Large finch with thick but rounded bill, notched tail
    • Two white wingbars and white wing-edging
    • Female is gray with yellow-green head and rump
    • Immature male looks like female throughout first year of life
    • © Janet Bowden/PFW, Palmyra, Maine, January 2006
  • Adult male

    Pine Grosbeak

    Adult male
    • Large finch with thick but rounded bill, notched tail
    • Two white wingbars and white wing-edging
    • Males' head, back, body, and rump are rosy red
    • Bill and eye are black
    • © Tammie Hache/PFW, Manitouwadge, Ontario, Canada, January 2009
  • Female

    Pine Grosbeak

    Female
    • © Marie Read

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