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Nashville Warbler

Oreothlypis ruficapilla ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: PARULIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A small, sprightly songbird of second-growth forests, the Nashville Warbler breeds in both north-central North America and an isolated portion of the mountainous Pacific Northwest. It nests on the ground and feeds almost exclusively on insects.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
3.9–4.7 in
10–12 cm
Wingspan
6.7–7.9 in
17–20 cm
Weight
0.2–0.4 oz
7–12 g
Other Names
  • Paruline à joues grises, Fauvette à joues grises (French)
  • Reinita capigris (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Nashville Warbler sometimes uses porcupine quills as nest material.
  • Most first-year Nashville Warblers migrate along the Atlantic coast, while adults tend to migrate along inland routes.
  • The Nashville Warbler does not regularly breed near Nashville, Tennessee, but was first observed there in 1811 by Alexander Wilson, who named the species.
  • The western population of the Nashville Warbler was once considered a separate species, called the "Calaveras Warbler." It is slightly brighter than eastern birds, with a brighter yellow rump, more extensive white feathers on the lower belly, and a slightly longer tail.

Habitat


Forest

Second-growth deciduous or mixed forest with shrubby undergrowth.

Food


Insects

Insects and insect larvae.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
3–6 eggs
Egg Description
White, usually specked with brown.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless with some sparse dark brown down.
Nest Description

A neat cup of moss, bark, leaves, and grasses, lined with fine grass, pine needles, hair, or other fiber. Located on the ground under brushy vegetation or small trees.

Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Foliage Gleaner

Gleans insects from the tips of branches and flower tassels of trees.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Clearing of forested land may have benefited the Nashville Warbler by creating more of its preferred second-growth habitat.

Credits

  • Williams, J. M. 1996. Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla). In The Birds of North America, No. 205 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Nashville Warbler Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings