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Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: TYRANNIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A small and unassuming flycatcher of western North America, Hammond's Flycatcher breeds in mature coniferous forests. Hammond's Flycatcher looks very similar to Gray and Dusky flycatchers. All three species overlap in range, but differ in voice and habitat.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
4.7–5.5 in
12–14 cm
Wingspan
8.7 in
22 cm
Weight
0.3–0.4 oz
8–12 g
Other Names
  • Moucherolle de Hammond (French)
  • Mosquerito passajero (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • Early in the breeding season male Hammond's Flycatchers fight so vigorously defending their territories that they often become locked together in midair, fluttering to the ground.
  • The Hammond's Flycatcher pulls wings off moths before consuming their bodies.

Habitat


Forest

Cool forests, especially coniferous or mixed forests with fir trees.

Food


Insects

Flying insects and caterpillars.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
3–4 eggs
Egg Description
Creamy white, sometimes marked sparingly with small reddish-brown dots.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless, eyes closed.
Nest Description

A compact cup of plant fibers and fine grass placed on large limb of conifer tree.

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Flycatching

Takes insects on the wing; perches on dead branches and twigs between forays.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Populations appear stable or increasing. The species' preference for mature forests suggests that logging of old-growth forests may pose an eventual threat.

Credits

  • Sedgwick, J. A. 1994. Hammond's Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii). In The Birds of North America, No. 109 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Hammond
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