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Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Green Jay

Cyanocorax yncas ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: CORVIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A colorful tropical bird found primarily in Mexico and South America, the Green Jay just makes its way into the United States in southern Texas.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
11.4 in
29 cm
Weight
2.3–3.9 oz
66–110 g
Other Names
  • Geai vert (French)
  • Queisque verde, Shara verde, Urraca de montana, Picahayote (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Central American and South American populations of the Green Jay are separated by 1,500 km (900 mi). The two different groups differ in color, calls, and habitat use, and may be different species. The South American Green Jays are larger and have a crest in front of their eyes.
  • A Texas Green Jay flock consists of a breeding pair, the current year's nestlings, and one-year-old, non-breeding jays from the previous year's nest. The one-year-olds defend the territory, which aids the parents, but they are ejected from the family flock soon after the current year's nestlings have fledged.
  • In Colombia, the Green Jay retains offspring for several years, and those young help the parents raise more chicks.

Habitat


Open Woodland

In Texas, uses open woodland and brushy mesquite thickets. In rest of range found in humid forests.

Food


Omnivore

Arthropods, vertebrates, seeds, and fruit.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Egg Description
Pale greenish white with dark spots near large end.
Condition at Hatching
Naked and helpless.
Nest Description

Flimsy open cup of thorny twigs, lined with fine roots, vine stems, moss, and dry grass.

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Foliage Gleaner

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Expanding range in Texas.

Credits

  • Gayou, D. C. 1995. Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas). In The Birds of North America, No. 187 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Green Jay Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings