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Golden-cheeked Warbler

Setophaga chrysoparia ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: PARULIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Endangered

The rare and endangered Golden-cheeked Warbler nests only in the juniper-oak woodlands of central Texas.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
4.7–5.1 in
12–13 cm
Wingspan
7.9 in
20 cm
Weight
0.2–0.5 oz
7–15 g
Other Names
  • Paruline à dos noir (French)
  • Chipe mejilla dorada, Chipe caridorado (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Golden-cheeked Warbler is the only bird species whose population nests entirely in the state of Texas.
  • Although the Golden-cheeked Warbler nests in Texas and winters in Mexico and northern Central America, wayward individuals have turned up in Florida, the Virgin Islands, and off the coast of California.

Habitat


Forest

Breeds in oak-cedar association. Found in migration in a variety of open woodland, scrub, and thicket habitats. In winter known only from montane pine-oak association.

Food


Insects

Insects and spiders.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
3–5 eggs
Egg Description
White with dark speckles concentrated around the large end.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless.
Nest Description

Open cup woven of strips of juniper bark and insect silk, lined with fine grass, hair, or down. Placed in small tree.

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Foliage Gleaner

Forages by gleaning from foliage and branches, sallying, and hovering at ends of branches; less frequently by hawking and hanging to glean from undersides of leaves.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Endangered

Endangered species. Restricted breeding habitat shrinking and becoming more fragmented. Old-growth and mature second-growth juniper-oak woodlands used for breeding are climax communities in breeding range, and may take decades to recover from disturbance. Some areas may never regenerate after disturbance. Wintering areas are being cut down for timber.

Credits

  • Ladd, C., and L. Gass. 1999. Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia). In The Birds of North America, No. 420 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Range Map Help

Golden-cheeked Warbler Range Map
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