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Chukar

Alectoris chukar ORDER: GALLIFORMES FAMILY: PHASIANIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A native of southern Eurasia, the Chukar was introduced into the United States from Pakistan to be a game bird. It lives in arid, rocky terrain across the western United States and southern Canada.

Yard Map Birds Eye View
Funky Nests

At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
13.4–15 in
34–38 cm
Weight
19.4–23.8 oz
550–675 g
Other Names
  • Perdrix choukar (French)
  • Perdriz chukar (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Chukar varies slightly in color across its native range in Eurasia. In more humid areas they are darker and more tinged with olive-brown on the upperparts and are more warmly colored on the underparts, whereas birds in more arid areas tend to be grayer and paler, less brown on the upperparts and paler on the underparts.
  • The Chukar takes advantage of all water sources, from rivers and creeks, to springs and nearly stagnant seeps that hardly moisten the ground. They have been found getting water in mine shafts over 3 m (10 feet) below ground level, and sometimes they have been observed well back in mine tunnels where only faint light revealed the water.

Habitat


Mountains

Rocky hillsides, mountain slopes with grassy vegetation, open and flat desert with sparse grasses and barren plateaus.

Food


Seeds

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
10–21 eggs
Condition at Hatching
Open-eyed and covered in down, able to leave the nest and feed itself.
Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Continues to be introduced in some areas.

Credits

  • Christensen, G.C. 1996. Chukar (Alectoris chukar). In The Birds of North America, No. 258 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Chukar Range Map
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