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Bullock's Oriole


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A bird of open woodlands in the American West, the Bullock's Oriole is especially fond of tall trees along rivers and streams.


Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Medium-sized songbird.
  • Long tail.
  • Rather thin, straight, pointed bill.
  • One large or two small wingbars on each dark wing.
  • Orange or orange-yellow.
  • Male bright orange with black back, throat, top of head, and nape, with a slender stripe through eye.

Male Description

Crown, nape, and back black; remainder of head and underparts orange-yellow. Black eyeline and black on chin and center of throat. Rump orange-yellow to yellow. Middle tail feather black, the rest yellow, tipped with dusky or black. Wing feathers black, edged white; large white patch on wing

Female Description

Pale grayish brownish to yellowish upperparts, with indistinct dark streaking, but without black. Yellowish or dull greenish gray underparts, becoming paler on belly. Throat often with some black. Wings gray-brown, with one or two indistinct wingbars.

Immature Description

Juvenile resembles adult female but is generally brighter yellow below, and usually lacks black feathers. Immature male with orange-yellow face, a black bib, black stripe through eyes, a dusky top of head and back of neck, striped back, and orange tail. Wings dusky with two white wingbars. Immature female resembles adult female.

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Similar Species

Similar Species

  • Baltimore Oriole male has an all black head and two distinct wingbars. Paler Baltimore Oriole female and immature similar to Bullock's Oriole female, but are browner on back, more orange than yellow, have an orangish belly, and drab brown, rather than yellow sides of face. Baltimore female also has a broad smooth upper wingbar, rather than a serrated-appearing one, and white tips to the greater primary coverts on wing rather than broad whitish edges.
  • Hooded Oriole has orange top of head and neck, a black bib and face that includes the eyes, and an all black tail.
  • Streaked-backed Oriole resembles Bullock’s Oriole, but has yellow crown, black streaks on back, black tail, and is somewhat larger; females have black spotting on back.



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