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Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Calidris subruficollis ORDER: CHARADRIIFORMES FAMILY: SCOLOPACIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Near Threatened

A delicate dove-headed shorebird, the Buff-breasted Sandpiper is found primarily in migration in areas of short grass. It migrates primarily through the middle of the continent from its arctic breeding grounds to southern South America.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
7.1–7.9 in
18–20 cm
Weight
1.6–2.8 oz
46–78 g
Other Names
  • Bécasseau roussâtre (French)
  • Correlimos canelo, Chorlito canela (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Buff-breasted Sandpiper is unique among North American shorebirds in having a lek mating system. Males defend relatively small territories that provide no resources for females and are simply display sites to which females can be attracted. Females select a mate and then leave to nest and raise their chicks elsewhere.

Habitat


Grassland

Breeds in dry, grassy tundra. On migration and in winter found in dry grasslands (usually short grass), pastures, plowed fields and, rarely, mudflats.

Food


Insects

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
2–5 eggs
Condition at Hatching
Active and covered with down.
Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Near Threatened

Population declined from millions to near extinction by 1920s. Numbers appeared to increase, but may be declining again.

Credits

  • Lanctot, R. B. and C. D. Laredo. 1994. Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis). In The Birds of North America, No. 91 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists' Union.

Range Map Help

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings