Living Bird Magazine
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandii
- ORDER: Passeriformes
- FAMILY: Parulidae
A rare bird of the Michigan jack pine forests, the Kirtland's Warbler is dependant upon fire to provide the small trees and open areas that meet its rigid habitat requirements for nesting.More ID Info
- Reinita de Kirtland (Spanish)
- Paruline de Kirtland (French)
- Cool Facts
- The Kirtland's Warbler requires areas with small jack pines for nesting. The jack pine requires fire to open its cones and spread its seeds. The warbler first appears in an area about six years after a fire when the new growth is dense and is about 1.5 to 2.0 meters (5.0-6.5 feet) high. After about 15 years, when the trees are 3.0 to 5.0 meters (10.0 to 16.5 feet) high, the warbler leaves the area.
- The female Kirtland's Warbler is more selective than the male in her choice of habitat, and the best areas attract more females than males. The last residents of a tract that is getting too old are always unmated males.
- The oldest recorded Kirtland's warbler was a male and at least 9 years old when he was recaptured during banding operations in Michigan in 1949.