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Merlin Bird ID

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    Bluethroat Life History


    Habitat TundraBreeds in low scrub thickets along streams in tundra. Winters in thick cover near water.Back to top


    Food InsectsInsects; some seeds and fruits in fall and winter.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Ground

    Nest Description

    Cup of woven sedges, grasses, rootlets, and fine twigs, lined with hair. Placed on ground in thicket or clump of grass.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:5-7 eggs
    Egg Description:Blue or bluish green with fine reddish speckling.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless, with eyes closed, and with long gray down.
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    Behavior Ground ForagerGleans insects from low vegetation and ground, turns over leaves and soil, and hawks flying insects.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernBluethroat are found across Europe, Asia, and the far north of western North America. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million, with 1% breeding in the U.S. The species rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. There is no information on population trends of Bluethroat in Alaska or Yukon, but it is not considered threatened in North America, and worldwide populations appear stable.Back to top


    Guzy, Michael J. and Brian J. McCaffery. 2002. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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