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    Blue-winged Warbler Life History


    Habitat Open Woodlands

    • Early to midsuccession habitats, especially abandoned farmland and forest clearings.
    • Breeds at forest/field edges, often shaded by large trees.
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    Food InsectsInsects and spiders.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Ground

    Nest Description

    Open cup of grasses, bark and dead leaves. Leaves may form cap over eggs. Usually on or near ground.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:2-7 eggs
    Egg Description:White with small spots of brown or gray near large end.
    Condition at Hatching:Downy and helpless.
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    Behavior Foliage GleanerForages mostly in upper half of trees and shrubs. Probes dead leaf clusters in winter. Often hangs upside down.Back to top


    Conservation Low Concern

    Blue-winged Warbler populations appear stable, but may have declined slightly between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 710,000 with 99% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 32% in Mexico, and 1% breeding in Canada. This U.S.-Canada Stewardship species rates a 13 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Abandonment of farmlands has increased nesting habitat, but suburban sprawl is decreasing it.

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    Gill, Frank B., Ronald A. Canterbury and John L. Confer. 2001. Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

    Stephenson, Tom and Scott Whittle. 2013. The Warbler Guide: Princeton University Press.

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