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Merlin Bird ID

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    Rufous-winged Sparrow Life History


    Habitat ScrubThorn scrub and arid grasslands.Back to top


    Food InsectsSeeds and arthropods.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Shrub

    Nest Description

    A solid, deep cup made of coarse grasses, placed in a fork in a branch of a low bush.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:2-5 eggs
    Egg Description:Pale bluish or green, with no markings.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless with sparse dark down.
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    Behavior Ground ForagerPecks at ground and at bases of grass stems.Back to top


    Conservation Restricted RangeRufous-winged Sparrow populations have declined, and in some areas been eliminated, due to habitat loss from grazing and development. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 200,000 with 14% living in the U.S., and 86% living in Mexico. The species rates a 15 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Rufous-winged Sparrow is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action.Back to top


    Lowther, Peter E., Kathleen D. Groschupf and Stephen M. Russell. 2015. Rufous-winged Sparrow (Peucaea carpalis), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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