Red-faced Warbler Life History


Habitat ForestsBreeds in high elevation fir, pine, and pine-oak forests.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects, especially caterpillars.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nest Description

Nest placed in small hole in ground, beneath a log or plant. Cup of bark, dead leaves or pine needles. Lined with grass and hair.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-6 eggs
Egg Description:White with fine brown speckles, concentrated around larger end.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless with sparse down.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerGleans insects from outer branches of trees, and flycatches.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernRed-faced Warbler population trends are difficult to track; the species may be declining slightly. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 700,000 with 36% breeding in the U.S., and 83% spending part of the year in Mexico. The species rates a 13 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Red-faced Warbler is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Martin, Thomas E. and Patricia M. Barber. (1995). Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Pyle, P. (1997). Identification Guide to North American Birds, Part I: Columbidae to Ploceidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Stephenson, T. and S. Whittle (2013). The Warbler Guide. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, USA.

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