- 24 in
- 40.2 in
- 37.7–52.9 oz
- Olivaceous Cormorant, Brazilian Cormorant, Mexican Cormorant
- Cormoran vigua (French)
- Cormorán biquá, Pato negro, Pato puerco, Pato cordo, Cuervo marino (Spanish)
- The Neotropic Cormorant is the only cormorant known to plunge-dive into water to catch fish. Unlike gannets and boobies, it does not dive from great heights, restricting its dives to less than a half-meter (1.75 feet) over the water. It is not particularly successful with this technique, catching a fish only once in every six to ten plunges.
- In Mexico, Neotropic Cormorants reportedly often fish cooperatively, forming a line across swift-flowing streams and striking the surface with their wings, causing fish to flee, whereupon the cormorants dive and pursue them.
- The oldest recorded Neotropic Cormorant was at least 11 years, 9 months old when it was found in Louisiana.
Various wetlands, including fresh, brackish, and saltwater habitats. Nests and roosts mostly in trees, but also on cliffs and human-made structures.
Small fish and shrimp.
- Clutch Size
- 1–6 eggs
- Egg Description
- Light blue.
- Condition at Hatching
- Naked and helpless.
A rough bowl of sticks, sometimes cemented together with guano. Placed in trees, but also on cliffs and human-made structures. Nests in colonies.
Dives from surface, using feet for propulsion through water. Catches fish under water, then takes prey to surface and swallows it headfirst. Also plunge-dives from above water.
In the 1960s, Neotropic Cormorant populations declined severely in Texas; since then, these populations have shown a general trend toward growth. The cause of the declines is not conclusively understood. The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan estimates 16,000 breeding birds in North America, rates the species a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and lists it as a Species of Moderate Concern. Neotropic Cormorant is not listed on the 2014 State of the Birds Report.
- Telfair, R. C., and M. L. Morrison. 1995. Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus). In The Birds of North America, No. 137 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
- Kushlan, J.A., et al. 2002. Waterbird conservation for the Americas: the North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, version 1. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas. Washington, DC.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.