A small, sparrowlike songbird with a rounded head and heavy, thick-based, conical bill.
Slightly larger than a Brewer's Sparrow, smaller than a Brewer's Blackbird.between sparrow and robin
- Both Sexes
Chunky, sparrowlike grassland bird. Breeding males have a black breast, gray belly, chestnut wing patch, and a gray-and-white face.
Chunky grassland bird with a stout bill. Females have a stout pink bill and chestnut wing patches that can sometimes be difficult to see. Note unstreaked whitish belly.
Song is a soft tinkling warble. Males usually sing while flying, as part of an aerial display, but also sing while perched on an elevated surface such as a rock, fence, or shrub.
Male flutters upward and descends on outstretched wings and tail during aerial displays on the breeding grounds. The outstretched tail is white with a black T.
Forms flocks outside of the breeding season. Note black T on the tail and black band on the breast of the males.
Breeding males have a black breast band and crown and a chestnut wing patch.
Immatures have a chunky bill, a broad stripe over the eye, a smudgy brown band across the breast, and unstreaked white underparts. They don't have rufous in the wing like adults do.
Juveniles look heavily mottled overall with white fringed feathers. Note stout pink bill.
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