Long-billed Thrasher Life History


Habitat ScrubRiparian woodland and dense, scrubby thickets, especially of mesquite.Back to top


Food OmnivoreInsects, spiders, snails, and berries.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Shrub

Nest Description

A bulky cup made of thorny twigs, lined with grass, straw, bark, or rootlets. Nest in center of dense thickets under large trees.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-5 eggs
Egg Description:Pale greenish white, minutely and heavily speckled with dingy brown markings.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless, with scattered tufts of black down.
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Behavior Ground ForagerForages on ground, by sweeping bill side to side in leaf litter. Tosses aside leaf litter and twigs.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernLong-billed Trasher populations increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 400,000 birds, with 32% living in the U.S., and 68% in Mexico. The species rates a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Long-billed Thrasher is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List. Habitat loss caused by the clearing of brushland for agriculture threatens populations. Back to top


Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Tweit, Robert C. (1997). Long-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

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