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- Small songbird; medium-sized sparrow.
- Short, thick, bluish bill.
- Large white patch in wings.
- Relatively short tail with white tips to feathers.
- Breeding male all black with white wings.
- Female and nonbreeding male grayish brown and heavily striped.
Male DescriptionBreeding (Alternate) Plumage: Body all black. Large white patch on upper part of wing. Tail black, tipped white.
Nonbreeding (Basic) Plumage: Grayish brown and darkly streaked above. White below with large dark streaks on chest and sides. White patch in wings. Chin black. Black extending to belly feathers, but mostly hidden by white feather edging.
Female DescriptionGrayish brown and darkly streaked above. White below with large dark streaks on chest and sides. White patch in wings.
Immature DescriptionJuvenile similar to adult female, but buffier overall.
Relative Sizesparrow-sized or smaller
- Both Sexes
- Length: 5.5-7.1 in (14-18 cm)
- Weight: 1.1-1.8 oz (30-51 g)
- Wingspan: 11.0 in (28 cm)