Flammulated Owl Life History


Habitat ForestsBreeds in open pine forest in mountains, especially ponderosa pine forest.Back to top


Food InsectsNocturnal insects.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Cavity

Nest Description

Nests in tree cavities. Adds no nesting material to cavity.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-4 eggs
Egg Description:White with faint creamy tint.
Condition at Hatching:Covered in white down, eyes closed.
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Behavior FlycatchingHunts at night, gleaning insects off of vegetation.Back to top


Conservation Restricted RangeThere is little information in Flammulated Owl population trends, but they appear to be declining. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20,000, with 91% spending some part of the year in Mexico, and 60% breeding in the U.S. The species rates a 15 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Flammulated Owl is on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, which includes bird species that are most at risk of extinction without significant conservation actions to reverse declines and reduce threats.Back to top


Linkhart, Brian D. and D. Archibald McCallum. 2013. Flammulated Owl (Psiloscops flammeolus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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