Merlin Bird Graphic

Merlin Bird ID

Try our free app foriOS | AndroidWeb version coming soon!
Recently Viewed Species

    Cliff Swallow Identification

    The Four Keys to ID

    • Size & Shape

      These compact swallows have rounded, broad-based wings, a small head, and a medium-length, squared tail.

      Relative Size

      Smaller than a Purple Martin; slightly larger than a Bank Swallow.

      Relative Sizesparrow or smallersparrow-sized or smaller
      • Both Sexes
        • Length: 5.1 in (13 cm)
        • Weight: 0.7-1.2 oz (19-34 g)
        • Wingspan: 11.0-11.8 in (28-30 cm)

    Regional Differences

    Most Cliff Swallows in North America have whitish foreheads; however, birds from the Mexican population (which extends into the southwest U.S.) have dark chestnut foreheads.