Arizona Woodpecker Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsRestricted to oak and pine-oak woodland and associated sycamore-walnut riparian areas.Back to top


Food InsectsAdult and larval insects, especially beetle larvae, fruits, and acorns.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Cavity

Nest Description

Nest in cavity in trees; unlined.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-4 eggs
Egg Description:White.
Condition at Hatching:Hatch naked and helpless.
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Behavior Bark ForagerPries, probes, and flakes off bark more than excavates. Often forages near ground. Works up a tree then flies to base of next tree. Joins in mixed species foraging flocks.Back to top


Conservation Restricted RangePartners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of Arizona Woodpecker at 200,000, with 4% living in the U.S., and 96% in Mexico. They rate a 14 out of 20 on the Continental concern Score and are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action. Effects of human activity on numbers is hard to determine. Habitat loss in Mexico may be a problem. High levels of groundwater removal and grazing may have a negative effect.Back to top


Johnson, R. Roy, Lois T. Haight, J. David Ligon, Peter Pyle and Michael A. Patten. (2017). Arizona Woodpecker (Picoides arizonae), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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