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Trumpeter Swan


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The largest of North American waterfowl, the Trumpeter Swan is resident throughout much of its range, but migratory in other parts. Its was reduced to near extinction by the early 20th century, but it is relatively common today.


Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Large, all-white waterfowl.
  • Long, straight neck.
  • Black bill and face.

Immature Description

Dirty white all over. Legs gray-pink, turning yellowish gray to dull black. Bill gray-black at base, pink towards tip; turns completely black.

Range Map Help

Trumpeter Swan Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings

Field MarksHelp

  • Adult

    Trumpeter Swan

    • Very large white swan with all-black bill
    • Long sloping forehead
    • Long, gracefully curving neck
    • © Gary Tyson, Montezuma NWR, New York, April 2013
  • Adults and immatures

    Trumpeter Swan

    Adults and immatures
    • Largest swan species in North America
    • All black bill
    • Forehead slopes elegantly down to long bill
    • © Laura Erickson, New York, November 2009
  • Adult

    Trumpeter Swan

    • Very large swan with all-black bill
    • Long, sloping forehead
    • © Laura Erickson, St. Louis, Missouri, February 2008

Similar Species

Similar Species

  • Tundra Swan usually shows variable yellow spot in front of eyes; spot may be absent. Bill profile curved slightly upward, not flat. Eye more distinct from black facial skin. Border of bill and forehead rounded or nearly flat from above.
  • Mute Swan with curved neck, orange bill.
  • Snow Goose smaller and with shorter neck, black wingtips, pink bill.
  • Domestic goose smaller, with shorter neck, and pink or orange bill and legs.
  • White Pelican has short neck, large yellow or orange bill, orange legs, and black flight feathers.



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