IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern
A bird of coniferous forests, the Spruce Grouse inhabits much of Canada and portions of the northern United States. Inconspicuous and relatively quiet, it feeds largely on the needles of spruces and other conifers.
Various diverse calls, including hisses, purrs, and hums. Territorial males issue loud wing claps, resembling gunshots. Territorial "song" from female "Franklin's Grouse" is a long series of complex notes.