• Skip to Content
  • Skip to Main Navigation
  • Skip to Local Navigation
  • Skip to Search
  • Skip to Sitemap
  • Skip to Footer
Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: ALAUDIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The only true lark native to North America, the Horned Lark is a common, widespread bird of open country.

Learn more about BirdSleuth
Bird Festivals

At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
6.3–7.9 in
16–20 cm
Wingspan
11.8–13.4 in
30–34 cm
Weight
1–1.7 oz
28–48 g
Other Names
  • Shore Lark (British)
  • Alouette hausse-col, L'Alouette cornue, Alouette bilophe (French)
  • Alondra cornuda (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • Adult Horned Larks eat primarily weed and grass seeds, but they feed insects to their young.
  • The use of mowed areas around airstrips has allowed the Horned Lark to colonize regions where no other suitable habitat may exist nearby, such as heavily forested areas.

Habitat


Grassland

Open, barren country. Prefers bare ground to short grasses.

Food


Seeds

Seeds, some insects.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
2–5 eggs
Egg Description
Pale gray with brown spots.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless and covered in buffy down.
Nest Description

Nest a basket woven of fine grass or other plant materials, lined with finer material, placed in depression or cavity in ground.

Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Declining in most of range.

Credits

  • Beason, R. C. 1995. Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris). In The Birds of North America, No. 195 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologists Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Horned Lark Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings