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Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Calliope Hummingbird

Selasphorus calliope ORDER: APODIFORMES FAMILY: TROCHILIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The smallest bird in North America north of Mexico, the Calliope Hummingbird inhabits mountain areas of the northwestern United States. It is the smallest long-distance avian migrant in the world, spending its winters in Mexico.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
3.5 in
9 cm
Wingspan
4.3 in
11 cm
Weight
0.1–0.1 oz
2–3 g
Other Names
  • Colibri calliope (French)
  • Chupamirto rafaguitas, Colibrí gorgirrayado (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest bird in North America. Its mass is about one-third that of the smallest North American warblers.

Habitat


Open Woodland

Open montane forest, mountain meadows, and willow and alder thickets, in migration and winter also in chaparral, lowland brushy areas, deserts and semi-desert regions.

Food


Nectar

Nesting

Nest Placement

Tree

Behavior


Hovering

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

No immediate conservation concern has been documented.

Credits

  • Calder, W. A., and L. L. Calder. 1994. Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope). In The Birds of North America, No. 135 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists' Union.

Range Map Help

Calliope Hummingbird Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings