• Skip to Content
  • Skip to Main Navigation
  • Skip to Local Navigation
  • Skip to Search
  • Skip to Sitemap
  • Skip to Footer
Help develop a Bird ID tool!

Sora

Porzana carolina ORDER: GRUIFORMES FAMILY: RALLIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A small, secretive bird of freshwater marshes, the Sora is the most common and widely distributed rail in North America. Its distinctive descending whinny call can be easily heard from the depths of the cattails, but actually seeing the little marsh-walker is much more difficult.

2015 Whooping Crane FestivalSponsored Ad
YardMap Be on the Map

At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
7.9–9.8 in
20–25 cm
Weight
1.7–4 oz
49–112 g
Other Names
  • Marouette de Caroline (French)
  • Gallineta de Cienaga (Spanish)

Habitat


Marsh

Breeds in shallow wetlands with lots of emergent vegetation.

Food


Seeds

Seeds and aquatic invertebrates.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Condition at Hatching
Covered with black down, leave nest within one day. Fed by parents.
Nest Placement

Floating

Behavior


Ground Forager

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Common and widespread, but may be declining in some areas. Hunted in numerous states and provinces.

Credits

  • Melvin, S. M., and J. P. Gibbs. 1996. Sora (Porzana carolina). In The Birds of North America, No. 250 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Sora Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings