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Palm Warbler

Setophaga palmarum ORDER: PASSERIFORMES FAMILY: PARULIDAE

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The rusty-capped Palm Warbler can be most easily recognized by the tail-wagging habit that shows off its yellow undertail. It breeds in bogs and winters primarily in the southern United States and Caribbean.

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At a GlanceHelp

Measurements
Both Sexes
Length
4.7–5.5 in
12–14 cm
Wingspan
7.9–8.3 in
20–21 cm
Weight
0.2–0.5 oz
7–13 g
Other Names
  • Paruline à couronne rousse (French)
  • Chipe playero (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Palm Warbler is found in two different forms. Birds that breed in the western part of the range are duller, and have whitish bellies. Those breeding in the eastern part of the range are entirely yellow underneath.
  • Despite its tropical sounding name, the Palm Warbler lives farther north than most other warblers. It breeds far to the north in Canada, and winters primarily in the southern United States and northern Caribbean.

Habitat


Open Woodland

Breeds in bogs, open boreal coniferous forest, and partly open situations with scattered trees and heavy undergrowth, usually near water. Found in migration and winter in a variety of woodland, second growth and thicket habitats, on the ground in savanna and open fields, and in mangroves.

Food


Insects

Insects; some seeds and fruits in fall and winter.

Nesting

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
4–5 eggs
Egg Description
Creamy white with dark speckles around large end.
Condition at Hatching
Helpless.
Nest Description

Open cup of weed stalks, grass, sedges, bark shreds, rootlets, and ferns, lined with fine grasses, bryophytes, and occasionally hair and feathers. Placed in sphagnum moss at base of short tree.

Nest Placement

Ground

Behavior


Ground Forager

Feeds on the ground and in short shrubs and trees. Forages in open grassy areas in winter.

Conservation

status via IUCN

Least Concern

Populations appear stable.

Credits

  • Wilson, W. H., Jr. 1996. Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum). In The Birds of North America, No. 238 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Range Map Help

Palm Warbler Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings

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