- 7.9–9.1 in
- 16.1–16.9 in
- 4.3–8.1 oz
- Harlequin Quail
- Colin arlequin (French)
- Codorniz Moctezuma (Spanish)
- The Montezuma Quail usually crouches and stays still when danger threatens, and then explodes into flight from a leaping start if the danger comes too close. In captivity, even with clipped wings, it can leap at least 2 m (6.5 feet) straight up, often with enough force to cause severe injury or death if it strikes the roof of a cage.
Pine-oak forest, arid montane scrub, and northern temperate grassland.
- Clutch Size
- 2–15 eggs
- Condition at Hatching
- Downy and able to follow mother.
The secretive nature of the species makes obtaining accurate population estimates difficult. It is hunted in the three states where it occurs.
- Stromberg, M. R. 2000. Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae). In The Birds of North America No. 524 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.