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Eastern Bluebird


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Eastern Bluebird Photo

Most of the country drives during an eastern North American summer will turn up a few Eastern Bluebirds sitting on telephone wires or perched atop a nest box, calling out in a short, wavering voice or abruptly dropping to the ground after an insect. Marvelous birds to capture in your binoculars, male Eastern Bluebirds are a brilliant royal blue on the back and head, and warm red-brown on the breast. Blue tinges in the wings and tail give the grayer females an elegant look.

Birds of North America Online
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Backyard Tips

This species often comes to bird feeders. Find out more about what this bird likes to eat and what feeder is best by using the Project FeederWatch Common Feeder Birds bird list.

Eastern Bluebirds don’t often visit feeders, but they are a great prospect for nest boxes if you have the space to put one up in your yard, and if your yard isn’t too hemmed in by trees or houses. Consider putting up a nest box to attract a breeding pair. Make sure you put it up well before breeding season. Attach a guard to keep predators from raiding eggs and young. Find out more about nest boxes on our Attract Birds pages. You'll find plans for building a nest box of the appropriate size on our All About Birdhouses site.

Find This Bird

You can find Eastern Bluebirds in open country with patchy vegetation and large trees or nest boxes. Meadows, old fields, and golf courses are good places. Bluebirds typically sit in the open on power lines or along fences, with an alert, vertical posture. When they drop to the ground after an insect, they make a show of it, with fluttering wings and a fairly slow approach, followed by a quick return to the perch.

Get Involved

Set up a nest box for bluebirds and report nesting activity to NestWatch

View and sort images of nesting bluebirds online with CamClickr to help scientists archive data from our NestCams

Report your Eastern Bluebird sightings to eBird

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Watch NestCams for a close-up view of bluebirds at their nests

Insights from 60,000 Nests: A decade of results from The Birdhouse Network

Rhythm and Bluebirds: New devices track temperatures and incubation rhythms at the nest

Downloadable plans for a bluebird nest box

Incubation Matters A new angle on why birds in warmer climes lay fewer eggs (BirdScope, Summer 2003)

Bluebirds Put Their Eggs into More than One Basket Renesting attempts reveal latitudinal trends in multiple broods (BirdScope, Spring 2004)

eBird Occurrence Maps, Eastern Bluebird

All About Birds Blog, First-Ever Bluebird Twins Found Via Project NestWatch—Plus More Opportunities to Discover, March 2014.

All About Birds blog, Here’s What to Feed Your Summer Bird Feeder Visitors, July 11, 2014.